Sustainable green area maintenance part 1 - composting

Sustainable garden maintenance can be carried out with little effort. Our student assistant, Sandra Busljetic, dealt more closely with the topic.

What is compost?

Composting. Here, organic components ("bio-waste") from microorganisms and microorganisms are used as nutrients. Through dismantling and remodeling processes, a new natural product is created, which can be used without further technical processes.

Compost protects our environment.

The energy consumption for the production of chemical fertilizers is very high, but it can also lead to environmental pollution if there is an excess of fertilizer. Too much fertilizer then leads to the extinction of plant and animal species. The challenge now is to replace the fertilizer with a more environmentally friendly method.

For example, peat is also used as a fertilizer. However, unique peatlands were destroyed by peat extraction, the creation of which took several hundred years. Compost can replace peat. The absence of peat helps to protect moor areas.

Compost has many positive properties and can replace almost any chemical fertilizer. Compost improves the structure of the soil, loosens it up and serves as a water reservoir. It increases the fertility of the soil and contains natural nutrients that contribute to the health of the plants. Money is also saved because expenditures for commercial fertilizers, pesticides, etc. are no longer or hardly necessary.

Self-composting also reduces the amount of residual waste. Compostable kitchen waste includes, for example, fruit and vegetable residues, tea / coffee grounds and egg shells. In order to personally contribute to environmental protection, all you need is a little effort and organic waste.


Fischer, P. & Jauch, M. (1999). Leitfaden zur Kompostierung im Garten. Abschlussbericht 1999. Triesdorf: Hochschule Weihenstephan-Triesdorf. Online abrufbar unter….

Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Umwelt, Energie, Bauen und Klimaschutz (2020). Warum ist Kompostieren wichtig? Abgerufen am 25.03.2020 von….

WWF (2020). Mit Kompost züchten Sie Kraftstoffe für Ihren Garten. Abgerufen am 15.04.2020 von