Investigating and modeling of dynamic operating procedures of catalysts and reactors as part fo the power to liquid process
The increasing market share of renewable sources have the disadvantageous features of small predictability of instantaneous availability which will lead to instable electrical grid performance in the future. Therefore, there exist an increasing demand for systems to balance the electrical grid. One of the preferred techniques to balance the grid is the methanol synthesis process. The basic idea is to produce hydrogen by water-electrolysis by consumption of the excess power from wind or solar sources. Liquid carbon dioxide from external sources can easily transported and stored. The last part of the facility is the chemical reactor for heterogeneous catalytic reaction with crude methanol as product. The methanol can be purified and used for different purpose like fuel or chemical feedstock. The challenge of the process is the dynamic operation mode of the synthesis.